How to improve all the five domains of child development?

Article on raising up you child

What are the five domains of child development? The areas include physical, social, emotional, cognitive, and language. They are meant to overlap and connect as indicators that a child will succeed in a school setting. They don’t develop chronologically, but instead, it happens gradually as the child grows. These domains are essential in developing guides for early childhood curriculum development in line with the child’s age

Therefore, it is of significant importance to reinforce a good start for your kid as you nurture them since the environment determines their emotional, physical, healthy, mental and social competence and their ability to learn.

For that reason, any child irrespective of their culture will benefit much if the foundational blocks, including security, safety, and ability to engage are taken care of. Research indicates that your child’s readiness at school is a complicated product that happens to be a combination of environmental, cultural environmental factors that help in a child’s development. If the educators had a better understanding of these factors, they would be able to impact the child more by equipping them with what they need for their early childhood development and readiness to start their academic life. But while early childhood plays a vital role in a child’s development, it is not worth underestimating the role parents play in to support kids in their rapid development stages. 

How can parents contribute to the development of all the five domains in the children?  Here is an overview of how you can help your kid for readiness to attending school as a parent.


Language includes oral, written, phonemic awareness, and alphabetic. At times, your child might have difficulties reading for several years. However, you can contribute to her development by reading to her. Taking time to talk to her though it might be tiring, will play a significant role too. Help your child learn the alphabet is also a critical language activity. Reading out has a considerable impact on developing literacy skills. You can read out all materials you come across, including articles, journals, newspapers are all opportunities to read out to the child.

Any new words you read to the kids can prepare them to learn unfamiliar words while increasing awareness. Engaging your kid in this way will help them develop oral language. Don’t underestimate even verbal conversation as it impacts on the emergence of literacy.

The conversation will allow your kids to get a cumulative vocabulary over time. Asking questions to your kids will affirm and your child’s vocabularies expending their responses while encouraging listen and understand how different words relate.


It relates to cause and effect and reasoning and early maths skills training too. For instance, a baby who gets a spoon fall whenever he is sitting on a high seat is exercising a cognitive ability. With time he will learn that whenever it falls, you pick it up. This is the cause and effect. You will have to take part in helping your child develop these skills.

Developing cognitive skills for your child is necessary to create an environment that is comfortable to them; for instance, asking questions about various things will help them understand how different things happen. Asking them open-ended questions will help them gain a sense of self-exploration. With time, they will develop interests in subjects that are of interest to them and curiosity to dive into topics they develop interests in, and they can improve reading skills that will be useful in their academic life.


Many necessary learning skills are taught at school; however, it turns very complicated to learn. For that reason, your child is supposed to learn to develop excellent motor skills before enrolling in kindergarten. Physical wellness is a superb determinant for parents to know how to prepare their children while enrolling in school. If you identify the physical challenges early enough, it would be helpful since you can help your kid grow by offering them the support they need.

Therefore, it is paramount to keep an eye on your child’s physical development while carefully checking on their physical growth, physiology, and fitness.  You can weigh your child’s motor development by assessing the age-appropriate activities for your child. For instance, walking, kicking a ball, and running. You can also evaluate it using exercises such as teaching things such as fastening a button.

Social Development

School is not meant to equip academic skills only. It is more about developing skills that help relate to peers and educators. Therefore, it is essential to help your child work on their social skills to help them gain the skills they need while joining kindergarten.

To enable your child to develop social skills, you can look for opportunities to form relationships and interact with peers and adults. Arrange times for your child to play and engage with peers. As they communicate with educators and peers, they will be able to develop social skills. It will also help your kid feel a sense of worth. You can ask your kid what they like and ask them to compare their interests with those of their peers. It helps them to get their identity in comparison to others.


You can help your kid develop empathetic skills by asking them to share with others is crucial too.


Your kid’s early years in school will set them for the rest of their school life. For that reason, it is paramount to prepare them and ensure they are ready socially, physically, emotionally, cognitive, and language as they enroll for kindergarten. 

As a parent, you have a role to play in helping your child develop these skills by offering them opportunities to equip them with skills as they learn from other human beings and the world. Also, the activities the child engage in while at the school they attend for early childhood will help them develop the five domains in readiness. A firm foundation for your kid’s life will help them get a firm foundation for their academic, personal, and professional success. 

Reference source



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here